Monthly Archives: September 2016

Important reasons why having computer skills is so crucial

In our modern society, computers are more of a basic necessity. Mastering the very basics of a computing context is all you need to get you started. Many people ignore the computer basics; but unless you have a full knowledge of the computer and its functionality, being in full control of it can be quite challenging. Let’s take a look at some of the importance of computer skills we all need in our day to day life.

Ability to type fast and input raw data from the keyboard to the monitor or the computer memory; for that case is very important. Speed in every aspect of life is equally important and maximizing the little time working on your computer should be made a priority. Learning the fast typing skills is the beginning of using your computer efficiently. If you cannot take the computer typing classes, if it important to get online programs and applications training on the same. Having a personal teacher or tutor can also work perfectly.

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After mastering the art of inputting data through the keyboard to your computer, you can easily do any complex operation. Every computer literate student, for example; will be required to interact with some of the operation software like the word processor, spreadsheet, and PowerPoint among others. Word processor creates data; spreadsheet aids in calculations and PowerPoint for instant electronic presentations. When you are doing a project in college, for example; you must use some of these applications and without the computing skills; you will do nothing, at least none!

The proper use of mouse might come so obvious to many, but to some, it might take a couple of days. Knowing how to click, double-click, right/left click and to drag helps in making the use of computers and accessing data very simple. When it comes to drawing tables, charts or design work, proper use of a mouse is mandatory. Knowing how to type is not all you need to complete the word processor lesson. Opening and saving a new document are also important; choosing the right folder and location.

Most word processors for windows and Mac come with different fonts both for presentations and prints. You should be aware of the commonly used font types and sizes. One cannot secure a job in any office without these basic skills. Learning some of the typing tricks like auto corrections while typing and space bar sizing is important.

Most features in word processor need a closer insight into consistent practice; with time they become more of second-nature. Alignment styles; from left, center to right are very important when typing any office work, assignments or official reports. Learning how to print is not as hard as it sounds. Printing is a matter of giving instructions to your computer while connected to the printer and waiting for the job to be complete. Every office luckily has a printer; printing skills might be considered as a requirement to secure your first job.

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Other vital skills required for word processor includes; changing margins, page layout and inserting features from the various computer menu. Setting the tabs and its proper usage ensures an easier way of feeding data and communicating with your computer. A left tab; for example will identify a paragraph, a center tab is used in headers and footers while right tabs are used in setting date or inputting page numbers. Having a full knowledge of all these will guarantee you a good job in nearly all the offices where computers play an important role in data storage and handling.

Font styles are important in every publication work. Bold texts are used more often for headings in article writing while italics are used to denote a book title. Once the student has learned to click, double click, drag, cut, copy and paste; it becomes easier handling some harder task of a computer. The redo and undo features make work easier when formatting the earlier done work especially in word processors.

Inputting bullets and numbers to a piece of typed work enhance readability and an easier way of understanding. It breaks the boredom of long sentences and makes work a bit organized. Inserting page numbers, headers, and footers is a must-have trick since it is applicable in almost every typing and computer work.

Browsing around the web will no longer be a problem once you have all the basics of handling a computer, especially if you are up-to-date on the best web hosting companies and domain registrars. Other complex functionalities like programming your computer to perform some customized tasks are possible with consistent practice and time.

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Some of the most important computer fundamentals you should know

A computer is a powerful electronic device that stores data and manipulates information. It can process, retrieve and store data. It can be used to edit documents, send emails, play games, watch videos, type documents and even browsing the Internet.
A computer is comprised of hardware and software. They work together to ensure that the computer works as expected.

Hardware

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The hardware is the physical components of the computer that you can touch including the keyboard, computer case, mouse, screen, power cord and the internal components. Computers can have either an optical or mechanical mouse.

The optical mouse relies on a laser light to detect movement, while the mechanical mouse has a circular ball that detects your hand motion. Other types of mouse include trackballs and the touchpad that is standard on laptops. The mouse is used to control the cursor on your screen. The computer case houses the main components of the computer.

A computer has many ports for different uses.

Some ports are used to connect the keyboard, mouse, scanner, monitor, speakers, web cameras, game controllers, camera, and printer. You can also use a USB cable to connect other electronic devices such as tablet computers and MP3 players.

Most computers also has an Ethernet port that is used to connect your computer with a network cable. Other ports include HDMI, FireWire, and Thunderbolt. The ports are color-coded, making it easier to install new hardware components.

The main component found in the computer case is the motherboard. It is the main circuit board that runs the computer. The motherboard holds the memory, central processing unit (CPU), connectors for optical drives and hard drive, expansion cards to control audio and video, and connections to your computer ports such as USB.

The CPU is the brain of the computer. Whenever you do any action on the computer such as pressing the mouse, the CPU receives those signals and handles the request appropriately. The CPU is very small, and it is covered by a heat sink that absorbs heat that is produced when the CPU is working. The CPU speed is measured in megahertz (MHz).

The random access memory (RAM) stores short term memory. This occurs whenever your computer is carrying out an activity, and it stores the information in the RAM until it is required. RAM is measured in megabytes (MB) or gigabytes (GB).

The CPU and RAM determine your computers speed. The more, the better.

The hard disc stores information such as software, music, and videos. The power supply unit supplies power to the computer. The expansion slots, or peripheral component interconnect (PCI) card allows you to add more components to the computer.

The video card is the graphics processing unit, and it plays a role in what you see on the screen. The sound card is responsible for the computer’s audio, while the network card deals with connectivity such as wired or wireless internet connections through Wi-Fi.

Laptop computers differ significantly from desktop computers since all the different components are squeezed into a single convenient package. This is the same case with mobile devices which are miniature computers. However, they have the same functionality.

Software

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The software is a set of instructions that ensures that computers function as expected. Examples of software include word processors, games, web browsers and antivirus. There are various types of computers.

It includes desktops, laptops, servers, smartphones, game consoles, wearables, and televisions.

Computers run on operating systems. This is the software that manages the computers processes and memory. There are three types of operating systems.

These are Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. Furthermore, a computer relies on applications.

This is a software that allows you to do a specific task. There is a wide array of applications with different functions. You can easily install any application by downloading it from the internet or installing it from the CD or DVD.

Using a computer

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Computers are easy to use. Ensure that all cables have been connect, switch it on and use it once the computer desktop has been loaded.

Use the mouse to control the pointer on the screen. Right click to select and left click to check for more options. Even though desktops, laptops, and smartphones are different, they are run in a similar manner.

If you want more content, you can connect the computer to the internet. You can connect to a wireless network like Wi-Fi or use a cabled connection. You can do a myriad of things on the internet once connected such as communicating, sharing content, watching videos and downloading movies. You can also use the cloud which is a virtual space to store data.

Workspace

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It is imperative to use a workspace that prevents injury and strain. You should use a comfortable chair when working on the computer. Maintain a straight posture when working, and keep the keyboard at a good level that is accessible.

The monitor should also be at a conformable position to prevent eye strain. The computer area should be clutter free. Furthermore, take frequent breakers whenever you are working for long hours.

Maintenance and safety

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It is vital to keep your computer clean, especially the keyboard and screen which tend to attract dirt and unwanted marks. Clean your computer often with a piece of cloth or compressed air. Ensure that the computer is off before cleaning it.

The computer should also be secured by using an updated antivirus and enabling a password that is required when logging in. You should also come up with a troubleshooting technique, and this will be helpful whenever you run into a problem with your computer.

Extras

The computer has an inbuilt- help that you can use in case you run into any difficulties. Most of the third-party applications also have help documentations.

You can also google whenever you need more information about a particular software you are using. You can also purchase a flash drive to take your data with you, or store your information in the cloud to access it from anywhere if you have a computer and internet connection. The computer also has accessibility features that are useful for people with disabilities such as low hearing or deaf computer users, limited mobility users and low vision or blind users.

There are other accessories available to people with disabilities such as screen magnifiers and alternative keyboards with braille.

A computer has many components. However, it is easy to learn, and with constant use, you will learn how to use a computer effectively. It can be utilized for a myriad of applications, and it is an excellent device that has made life easier.

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